Nephrology surgeries in India encompass a variety of procedures to address different kidney-related conditions. Here are some common nephrology surgeries available:

1. Kidney Transplant:
  • Living Donor Transplant: Transplantation of a kidney from a living donor.
  • Deceased Donor Transplant: Transplantation of a kidney from a deceased donor.
  • Paired Kidney Exchange: Swapping kidneys between incompatible donor-recipient pairs to find compatible matches.
2. Nephrectomy:
  • Partial Nephrectomy: Removal of a portion of the kidney, often for kidney cancer or localized tumors.
  • Radical Nephrectomy: Complete removal of a kidney, typically due to cancer or severe damage.
  • Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: Minimally invasive removal of the kidney using laparoscopic techniques.
3. Pyeloplasty:
  • Open Pyeloplasty: Surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis to alleviate obstruction, typically for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction.
  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: Minimally invasive version of pyeloplasty.
4. Ureteral Surgery:
  • Ureteral Reimplantation: Surgical repositioning of the ureters to correct reflux or obstruction.
  • Ureteroscopy: Use of a scope to diagnose and treat problems in the ureters, such as stones or strictures.
  • Ureterolithotomy: Removal of stones from the ureter.
5. Renal Biopsy:
  • Percutaneous Renal Biopsy: Minimally invasive procedure to obtain kidney tissue for diagnostic purposes.
  • Open Renal Biopsy: Surgical procedure to obtain kidney tissue, often used when a percutaneous biopsy is not feasible.
6. Dialysis Access Surgery:
  • Arteriovenous (AV) Fistula: Creating a connection between an artery and a vein for hemodialysis access.
  • AV Graft: Inserting a synthetic tube to connect an artery and a vein for hemodialysis access.
  • Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Placement: Insertion of a catheter into the abdomen for peritoneal dialysis.
7. Treatment of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD):
  • Cyst Decortication: Surgical removal of cysts from the kidneys.
  • Nephrectomy: Removal of severely affected kidneys in advanced PKD cases.
8. Renal Artery Stenosis Surgery:
  • Renal Artery Bypass: Bypassing a blocked renal artery to restore blood flow.
  • Angioplasty and Stenting: Inserting a balloon and stent to open up a narrowed renal artery.
9. Nephrostomy:
  • Percutaneous Nephrostomy: Insertion of a catheter into the kidney to drain urine in cases of obstruction.
10. Pediatric Nephrology Surgeries:
  • Pyeloplasty for UPJ Obstruction: Surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis in children.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux Surgery: Correction of the backward flow of urine from the bladder into the kidneys.

These surgeries are performed by skilled nephrologists and urologists, supported by advanced medical technology, ensuring high-quality care for patients with kidney-related conditions.

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